‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍Aztecs Myths: Human Sacrifices

By Carly Campbell and Micah Davis


Narrative First Retold By Long Terry

Original Version

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Huitzilopochtili

The top three Gods that they believe in were Huitzilopochtili (or “hummingbird wizard), Tezcatlipoca (“smoking mirror”) and Quetzalcoatl (“sovereign plumed serpent”). Aztec sacrifices were an important part of the Aztec Religion. They have a strong faith that the Gods needed to be nourished and replenished by human beings. This happened through human blood. Being as it was a part of their religion, therefore they had to participate in bloodletting, which means you purposely harm and drawing blood from the body. Those who were higher in status within the Aztec religion were expected to give the most blood during these Aztec rituals.HS1.jpg
The Aztec gods and goddesses also required the living hearts of humans for nourishment. All hearts were acceptable but the bravest captives were considered to be particularly nourishing to the Aztec gods. As this kept going on widespread warring took place as the Aztec people sought to bring the captives back to the Aztec temples for sacrifice.
Sometimes they only sacrificed one person other times hundreds or even thousands of people being held captive were sacrificed at a time. Each Aztec sacrifice followed the same rules and steps.. The captive or captives were taken to a pyramid or temple and placed on an altar. The Aztec priest then made an incision in the ribcage of the captive and removed the living heart. The heart was then burned and the corpse was pushed down the steps of the Aztec pyramid or temple. If the captive was particularly noble or brave, however, he was carried down instead.
In the case of an Aztec human sacrifice being performed for the god Huehueteotl, the ritual was slightly changed. Huehueteotl was the Aztec god of warmth, death, and cold. He was responsible for light in the darkness and for food during times of famine. As a part of the Aztec religion, special sacrifices were held for Huehueteotl. The victim was first thrown into a fire, and then pulled back out with hooks before being dying. The living heart was then removed and thrown back to the fire. Aztec human sacrifices and bloodletting were important aspects of the Aztec religion, as they believed it brought balance and peace to the world around them.

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Sacrifical Altar



Interpretation By Carly Campbell and Micah Davis

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Sacrifice to Sun God

The legend of Aztec Culture explores the cause of human scarification that plays a huge role in their religion. When the Aztecs sacrifice people to their Gods it reveals how they strongly believe that’s what the God wants. The result depicts how they do it, and the steps they take to kill another human being. The essence of this legend establishes why what they’re doing is okay and how its such a norm in their belief. The value of this explains why they believe there is nothing wrong with human sacrifice, and that it is something that needs to be done to satisfy the Gods.
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“After having torn their hearts from them and poured the blood into a gourd vessel, which the master of the slain man himself received, they started the body rolling down the pyramid steps. It came to rest upon a small square below. There some old men, whom they called Quaquacuiltin, laid hold of it and carried it to their tribal temple, where they dismembered it and divided it up in order to eat it"(Díaz del Castillo 1963) Hearts were placed in a vessel called a Choc Mool, much like the one below that was dedicated to Tlaloc, The God of Rain and Fertility.(Lopez Lujan 2000)

The Aztecs pay more attention to the way they died then the way they lived, and they strongly believe that the way you die will determine if you went to the sun god or the dark underworld. If one died a normal death they would have to pass through the 9 lives of the underworld. If one died in battle or child birth they will go straight to the sun god.

‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍Works Citied

Long, Terry. "Human Sacrifice in Aztec Culture ." Latin Amercian History . N.p., 27 Mar. 2009. Web. 13 Oct. 2011. http://terry-long.suite101.com/human-sacrifice-in-aztec-culture-a105423.
"Religious Beliefs." Oracle think Quest. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2011.